An exegesis of Ephesians 2:14-17

Edwards, Arthur David (1982) An exegesis of Ephesians 2:14-17. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The exegesis of four verses enables us to discuss whether the author uses existing material and to discern whether the teaching is in harmony with Ephesians as a whole and with Pauline teaching, especially on reconciliation. Ephesians 2:14-17 speaks of the reconciliation of Jew and Gentile through the reconciliation of both to God. This passage is not hymnic in origin, although it does reveal hymnic characteristics. These are partly due to the style of Ephesians, but mainly appear through the use of Is. 57:19 and Col. 1:20-22. Evidence of a gnostic background, to the passage is insufficient. We have an example of inclusio, where the words ()and () (v.13) are elaborated upon and then cited again (v.l7). The word peace in Is. 57:19 prompts the writer to show how Christ is our peace. The meaning of the term "middle wall" is problematical, but no suggestion is better than that of the temple barrier in Jerusalem about which the readers would know something from the Old Testament. The middle wall illustrates the divisive aspect of the law. The punctuation of vv. 15, 16 with a comma after () is to be preferred. The negative statements of breaking down and abolishing are followed by the positive of the creating of a new man and the reconciliation of both Jew and Gentile into one body () is used generally and does not refer specifically to the literal body of Christ. Christ preached this message of peace through the apostles and prophets, who were the foundation members of the church. The passage is an example of the author's love of Isaiah, whose message the Christ event has fulfilled in a fuller sense than the prophet envisaged. Not only have the Jews of the Dispersion been brought near, but also the Gentiles. This concept is in harmony with the general theme of Ephesians and Pauline teaching on reconciliation. The evidence is insufficient to support the non-Pauline authorship of Ephesians.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BS The Bible
Colleges/Schools: College of Arts > School of Critical Studies > Theology and Religious Studies
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Supervisor, not known
Date of Award: 1982
Depositing User: Ms Mary Anne Meyering
Unique ID: glathesis:1982-5110
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2014 10:47
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2014 15:48
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/5110

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