Soil chemistry of heavy metals under contrasting vegetation covers

MacIver, Vicki (2000) Soil chemistry of heavy metals under contrasting vegetation covers. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The site of study (Pollok Park, Glasgow) features soil under both a coniferous canopy (predominantly Corsican Pine) and a deciduous canopy (predominantly Beech). There is a clear segregation between the two vegetation types which enables a direct comparison into the contribution of canopy type to the heavy metal distribution in soil. Average total metal contents of cores extracted from the two soil types indicated that the deciduous cores have a greater total content of Cr, Cu, Fe, and Mn, and that the two core types contain approximately the same Pb and Zn content. Concentration profiles for Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn were established for the two soil types. They showed enrichment of Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn at the surface. Correlation graphs [LOI vs. metal (Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn)] showed there to be a correlation between organic matter content and concentrations of these metals. Molar ratios (carbon : metal [Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn]) were estimated from the correlation graphs. In each case, these were found to be of considerable value, indicating that perhaps these metals are complexed by large organic molecules. Mn and Fe showed no enrichment to the surface and no correlation with organic matter. Speciation studies (Modified BCR sequential extraction procedure and cupric ISE investigations) were conducted on the surface soil (top 5cm), litter and leaves taken from below both vegetation types (deciduous and coniferous) in order to gain an understanding of soil-metal associations. The deciduous and coniferous soils were found to have virtually identical fractionation patterns of Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn (Modified BCR sequential extraction).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Pulford, Dr. Ian
Date of Award: 2000
Depositing User: Ms Anikó Szilágyi
Unique ID: glathesis:2000-5688
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2014 10:04
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2014 14:39
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/5688

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