Microbial Degradation of Benzene Derivatives

Chen, Beining (1991) Microbial Degradation of Benzene Derivatives. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

The thesis is divided into two parts. Both deal with the microbial metabolism of benzene derivatives but in different aspects. Part I attempts to elucidate some new mechanisms and stereochemistry involved in muconic acid pathways, which commonly occur in the microbial degradation of benzene derivatives. To investigate the conversion of 4-methyl into 3-methyl-muconolactone, three specially labelled muconolactones were tested with cell-free extracts of Rhodococcus rhodocrous. The results showed that the conversion of 4-methyl to 3-methylmuconolactone proceeds through two steps. Firstly, enzyme catalyses the formation of the new lactone ring by anti addition. Secondly the original lactone ring is opened enzymically by anti elimination. Dilactone was shown to be an intermediate. Studies on the inhibitors of the methylisomerase have been carried out from chemical point of view. Among the substituents studied, the larger substituents did not affect the biotransformation of pyrocatechols into corresponding muconolactones in Pseudomonas putida but affected those in Aspergillus niger. It was shown that the optical active 4-ethylmuconolactone can cyclise under mild condition giving the dilactone with opposite optical rotation, but 3,4-dimethylmuconolactone can not be cyclised under various conditions. In part II, it was hoped to delineate some influences of fluorine substituents on the biosynthesis of cyclopenin group of benzodiazepine alkaloids. Three fluoro-phenylalanines were tested with the fungus Penicillium cyclopium. The qualitative results obtained showed that these substrates have been incorporated into benzodiazepine alkaloids with low yields.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Organic chemistry
Date of Award: 1991
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1991-78339
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 15:32
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 15:32
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/78339

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year