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Epidemiology of oral cancer from a socioeconomic perspective

Conway, David Ian (2008) Epidemiology of oral cancer from a socioeconomic perspective. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Tackling health inequalities is a policy priority. Research on cancer and particularly oral cancer aetiology has somewhat overlooked this area, in favour of pursuing genetic and 'lifestyle' risk factors. The over-arching aim of this thesis was to investigate the epidemiology of oral cancer in relation to individual socioeconomic status (SES), area-based socioeconomic circumstances, and socioeconomic inequalities. Descriptive epidemiology studies undertaken demonstrated that the burden of oral cancer was increasing across the UK, especially in Scotland, and a socioeconomic gap was widening with those from more deprived communities having significantly greater and increasing incidence of the disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the world literature showed that low compared to high SES was associated with significantly elevated risk of oral cancer independent of behavioural factors. A local case-control study provided unclear findings when individual- and area-based socioeconomic factors were explored together; however, a framework for future analyses was developed. In totality, this thesis suggests that public health policy to address the overall rising incidence and widening inequalities of oral cancer needs to acknowledge the complexity of the risk factors; in addition, the findings provide evidence to steer policy, which focus on lifestyles factors towards an integrated approach incorporating measures designed to tackle the root causes of disadvantage.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: epidemiology, incidence, oral cancer, risk factors, socioeconomic status
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Dental School
Supervisor's Name: Macpherson, Prof Lorna MD
Date of Award: 2008
Depositing User: DI Conway
Unique ID: glathesis:2008-154
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:16
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/154

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