Enforcement and regulation in relation to TV broadcasting in Pakistan.
PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.
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In 2002, private broadcasters started their own TV transmissions after the creation of the Pakistan Electronic Media Authority. This thesis seeks to identify the challenges to the Pakistan public and private electronic media sectors in terms of enforcement.
Despite its importance and growth, there is a lack of research on the enforcement and regulatory supervision of the electronic media sector in Pakistan. This study examines the sector and identifies the action required to improve the current situation. To this end, it focuses on five aspects:
(i) Institutional arrangements: institutions play a key role in regulating the system properly.
(ii) Legislative and regulatory arrangements: legislation enables the electronic media system to run smoothly. It needs some more improvement as proposed in the thesis.
(iii) International efforts: these efforts are very positive to enforce the broadcasting regulation at international level. It will also have a gradual effect on the national market.
(iv) Current enforcement challenges: some current media enforcement issues are analysed for the first time in this thesis.
(v) Regulatory Reforms: after the development of the technology, the broadcasting sector is now facing some significant regulation issues.
These five aspects are examined in Chapters 2 to 4 respectively. These three chapters constitute the main part of the thesis.
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