Function and regulation of the WASH complex in the endocytic cycle

Park, Laura (2012) Function and regulation of the WASH complex in the endocytic cycle. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The WASH complex is highly conserved and consists of the actin nucleation promoter, WASH, and several regulatory subunits; Strumpellin, SWIP, ccdc53 and FAM21. Previously, it has been shown that WASH directs construction of actin coats on lysosomes. This actin coat is required for removal of V-ATPase complexes from lysosomal membranes, allowing neutralization and maturation to post-lysosomes. WASH null cells are blocked at the acidic lysosome stage and are thus unable to perform exocytosis. We now show that FAM21 acts at a different step in the same pathway. FAM21 nulls are still blocked in exocytosis, but the remaining complex is functional in removal of V-ATPase, allowing progression to post-lysosome. We hypothesize that the role of FAM21 is to release the WASH complex from post-lysosome membranes in order to allow recycling back to newly formed acidic lysosomes. We have also shown that capping protein interacts with the WASH complex through FAM21, and this interaction is essential for progression to exocytosis, likely contributing to the mechanism by which FAM21 regulates and releases the WASH complex from post-lysosomal membranes.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: WASH complex, endocytosis, exocytosis, actin, vesicle, lysosome
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences > Beatson Institute of Cancer Research
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Insall, Prof. Robert
Date of Award: 2012
Depositing User: MISS LAURA PARK
Unique ID: glathesis:2012-3815
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2013 11:22
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2013 08:32
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/3815

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