Theory of mind in individuals with paranoid schizophrenia

Scott, Suzanne (Liesbeth) (2013) Theory of mind in individuals with paranoid schizophrenia. D Clin Psy thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Individuals with schizophrenia show deficits in theory of mind (ToM), however the nature of these deficits in individuals with paranoid symptoms is unclear. This study examined whether ToM ability in individuals with paranoid schizophrenia varied according to the emotional valence of items within ToM tasks. Eight participants with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia (patient group) and eight healthy controls completed two ToM tasks, the revised Eyes Test and a newly developed mental state reasoning task (New ToM Measure). Controls were significantly more accurate than the patient group on both tasks (revised Eyes Test: t (14) = 4.48, p = .001, d = 2.24, New ToM Measure: t (14) = 3.63, p = .003, d = 1.82). There was evidence of a trend for a mediating role of emotional valence in the patient group on the revised Eyes Test, although contrary to the study’s hypothesis, patients were more accurate on positive items than threat items (t (7) = 2.19, p = .07, d = 1.01). There was no evidence of a mediating role of emotional valence on the New ToM Measure. This study provides further evidence of ToM deficits in individuals with schizophrenia. The mixed evidence for the mediating role of emotional valence is discussed in relation to existing literature and the study’s limitations.

Item Type: Thesis (D Clin Psy)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: theory of mind, paranoid schizophrenia, revised Eyes Test
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Turnbull , Dr. Sue and Gumley, Prof. Andrew
Date of Award: 2013
Depositing User: Ms Suzanne (Liesbeth) Scott
Unique ID: glathesis:2013-4686
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 09:47
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2014 11:14
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/4686

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