Effects of acute and chronic noise exposure on cochlear function and hearing in dogs

Venn, Rebecca Elisabeth (2013) Effects of acute and chronic noise exposure on cochlear function and hearing in dogs. MSc(R) thesis, University of Glasgow.

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In specialised veterinary hospitals, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners are used daily in diagnostics of dogs. MRI scanners omit high levels of acoustic noise, which is known to be damaging to the hearing of human patients without effective ear protection. However, the effects of the MRI noise levels on the cochlear function and hearing of dogs is often overlooked and in many clinics, dogs are not provided with ear protection for the duration of their scan. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of MRI acoustic noise on the cochlear function of dogs, by Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (DPOAE) testing dogs immediately before and after they underwent an MRI scan. A group of control dogs undergoing a quiet procedure (but treated with the same range of anaesthetic drugs) were also tested. Post-MRI, the mean DPOAE of the dogs was reduced at all frequencies tested, significantly so at five (out of fourteen) frequencies, reflecting a reduction in cochlear function. Furthermore, at all frequencies tested, more than half of the ears exposed to MRI noise demonstrated a decrease in DPOAE. Without repeat DPOAE testing of the dogs some weeks after their MRI, it is unknown whether this effect is temporary and reversible, or permanent. Nevertheless, the results support a recommendation that all dogs undergoing an MRI scan are provided with ear protection as a precautionary measure.

Item Type: Thesis (MSc(R))
Qualification Level: Masters
Keywords: Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions Dog Magnetic Resonance Imaging Acoustic Noise Cochlear Function
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600 Veterinary Medicine
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: McKeegan, Dr. Dorothy
Date of Award: 2013
Depositing User: Miss Rebecca Venn
Unique ID: glathesis:2013-4722
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2013 08:29
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2014 14:59
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/4722

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