Investigation of E-cadherin dynamics in cancer cell adhesion and metastasis

Rud-Majani, Zahra Erami (2014) Investigation of E-cadherin dynamics in cancer cell adhesion and metastasis. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

E-cadherin is a cell adhesion protein required for epithelial tissue integrity. In many cancer cells mis-regulation of E-cadherin adhesions causes increased progression and invasion of cancer. Alteration in E-cadherin dynamics could therefore serve as an early molecular biomarker of metastasis. In this project, I used E-cadherin FRAP to asses real time dynamics of cadherin junctions in a pancreatic cancer mice model of in a variety of micro-environments. My data showed that p53 mutation drives metastasis through mobilizing E-cadherin in junctions. Also, I used FRAP as a pharmaco-dynamic marker to assess the effect of an anti-invasive drug (dasatinib) in pancreatic tumours in vivo. Moreover, my E-cadherin FRAP data along with cross-linking experiments and disruption of E-cadherin interactions by mutation provided a comprehensive framework for understanding E-cadherin dynamics at cell-cell. Here, I have identified four distinct populations of E-cadherin within regions of cell-cell contact and characterized the interactions governing their mobility using FRAP. These pancreatic cancer cells had the immobile fraction (Fi) of E-cadherin-GFP comprised adhesive and non-adhesive populations. The remaining mobile fraction (Fm) also comprised of non-adhesive and adhesive populations, one population moves at the rate of pure diffusion, and therefore represents free E-cadherin monomers. The other population moves more slowly, and represents E-cadherin monomers turning over within immobile complexes. Inclusion of E-cadherin into either adhesive population requires cis-, trans-, and actin interactions. The signaling pathways in cells dramatically affect the fractions of these cadherin components. I showed that understanding the dynamics of these four populations of E-cadherins could be used to design or interpretation of future pharmacological and genetic experiments to probe the function of E-cadherin in development, disease progression, and response to therapy.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences > Beatson Institute of Cancer Research
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Anderson, Dr. Kurt
Date of Award: 2014
Depositing User: Mrs Marie Cairney
Unique ID: glathesis:2014-5619
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2014 12:10
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2014 12:12
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/5619

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