Examination of myocardial electrophysiology using novel panoramic optical mapping techniques

Allan, Andrew James (2016) Examination of myocardial electrophysiology using novel panoramic optical mapping techniques. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (11MB) | Preview

Abstract

Optical mapping of voltage signals has revolutionised the field and study of cardiac electrophysiology by providing the means to visualise changes in electrical activity at a high temporal and spatial resolution from the cellular to the whole heart level under both normal and disease conditions. The aim of this thesis was to develop a novel method of panoramic optical mapping using a single camera and to study myocardial electrophysiology in isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. First, proper procedures for selection, filtering and analysis of the optical data recorded from the panoramic optical mapping system were established. This work was followed by extensive characterisation of the electrical activity across the epicardial surface of the preparation investigating time and heart dependent effects. In an initial study, features of epicardial electrophysiology were examined as the temperature of the heart was reduced below physiological values. This manoeuvre was chosen to mimic the temperatures experienced during various levels of hypothermia in vivo, a condition known to promote arrhythmias. The facility for panoramic optical mapping allowed the extent of changes in conduction timing and pattern of ventricular activation and repolarisation to be assessed. In the main experimental section, changes in epicardial electrical activity were assessed under various pacing conditions in both normal hearts and in a rabbit model of chronic MI. In these experiments, there was significant changes in the pattern of electrical activation corresponding with the changes in pacing regime. These experiments demonstrated a negative correlation between activation time and APD, which was not maintained during ventricular pacing. This suggests that activation pattern is not the sole determinant of action potential duration in intact hearts. Lastly, a realistic 3D computational model of the rabbit left ventricle was developed to simulate the passive and active mechanical properties of the heart. The aim of this model was to infer further information from the experimental optical mapping studies. In future, it would be feasible to gain insight into the electrical and mechanical performance of the heart by simulating experimental pacing conditions in the model.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: optical mapping, cardiac electrophysiology, computational modelling.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QP Physiology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Funder's Name: British Heart Foundation
Supervisor's Name: Burton, Dr. Francis and Luo, Professor Xiaoyu
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Mr Andrew Allan
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7352
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 25 May 2016 12:25
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2016 09:27
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7352

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year