Parenteral fluid therapy studies in the dog

Clark, Alexander McKechnie (1978) Parenteral fluid therapy studies in the dog. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The subject of this thesis has been an investigation of body fluid imbalances arising from spontaneous disease that occur in the dog. The range of diseases that can give rise to body fluid balance disturbance is extensive and examples are intestinal foreign body, pyometritis and hypovolaemic circulatory failure. A detailed study of the benefits of both central venous pressure and peripheral venous pressure measurements gave an indication that these had little if any value in clinical studies in the dog. One parameter that proved to be valuable was the monitoring of the output of urine, since it was found that once adequate replacement infusion had been administered, the urinary output returned to normal. An experimental study of the effects of different rates of fluid infusion on vital functions such as urine output, venous pressures and respiratory gas exchange was conducted and the effects of overinfusion were observed in the dog. This study indicates the rate and volume of fluid infusion that may be employed in the dog and reports on the value of the use of urine output as a practical method of monitoring the adequacy of infusion and prevention of overinfusion. A preliminary survey of the use made by general practitioners of parenteral fluid therapy revealed that although most claimed to practise such treatment, few cases were treated. A large series of clinical cases were investigated to determine their fluid and electrolyte status and to institute care and therapy. The results have been quantified where possible and a considerable/ considerable improvement in both survival rate and in the rate of recovery of cases was observed. The methods of fluid administration in the dog were closely studied and successful designs of equipment selected and recommended for routine use, A list of fluids for infusion was also discussed. This study was intentionally clinical since it was designed to promote the use of parenteral fluid therapy in general veterinary practice.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Additional Information: Adviser: Donald D Lawson
Keywords: Veterinary science
Date of Award: 1978
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1978-73739
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2019 08:56
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 08:56
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/73739

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