“Enjoy your baby” Internet-based CBT for mothers with babies: a feasibility randomised control trial

Adey, Claire (2016) “Enjoy your baby” Internet-based CBT for mothers with babies: a feasibility randomised control trial. D Clin Psy thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Background: Postnatal depression is a global health problem with lasting effects on the family. Government policy is focussed on early intervention and increasing access to psychological therapies. There is a growing evidence base for the use of computerised CBT packages and this study investigated the feasibility of a CBT-based self-help internet intervention for new mothers.
Objective: To assess the ability to recruit mothers, deliver an internet course, obtain follow-up data and evaluate what mothers think of the course.
Design: A feasibility randomised control design was used to compare a waiting list control group (delayed access= DA) to the Enjoy Your Baby course (immediate access= IA). Measures were administered at baseline and 8 week follow-up.
Methods: Adverts were placed in the Metro freesheet, on charity web pages, on social media, posters were put up in the community, and leaflets were handed out at mother and baby groups. Participants had to be 18 years old or over with a child less than 18 months old. The IA arm was given access to the course straight away. After 8 weeks all participants were asked to recomplete the original measures and those in the IA arm also gave feedback on the course. Participants in the DA arm were given access after recompleting the questionnaires.
Due to a lack of follow-up data a small discussion group was conducted.
Intervention: The course contains 4 core modules including helping mothers understand why they feel the way they do and helping them build closeness to their babies. Additional modules, worksheets and homework tasks were available. The DA group were given a list of additional support resources and services, and encouraged to seek additional help if required. All participants received weekly automated emails for 12 weeks as they worked through the course. It was not possible to deliver individualised support.
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Results: Despite using a number of recruitment strategies, recruitment was lower and slower than anticipated, and attrition was high. 41 women, primarily recruited via the internet, were randomised (IA n=21, DA n=20). No significant differences were observed between participants in either arm at baseline and no statistically significant differences were identified when the demographics and baseline measures of participants who logged-on to the course were compared to those who did not, or when participants who completed follow-up measures were compared to those who did not. Pre and post intervention scores on the EPDS approached statistical significance (P=.059, r=.444) favouring the intervention arm.
The discussion group suggested strengths of the course and recommended areas for improvement, including making the course more mobile friendly.
Conclusion: Internet interventions show promise; however it is difficult to recruit mothers, engagement is low and attrition high. A number of recommendations are made and a further pilot or an internal pilot of a larger substantive study should be conducted to confirm recruitment and retention.
Trial ID: ISRCTN90927910.

Item Type: Thesis (D Clin Psy)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Postnatal depression, postpartum depression, internet, CBT, cCBT, self-help.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Supervisor's Name: Williams, Dr. Christopher
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Miss Claire Adey
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7603
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 13:14
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 11:58
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7603

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