Sonocytology: dynamic acoustic manipulation of particles and cells

Skotis, Georgios D. (2018) Sonocytology: dynamic acoustic manipulation of particles and cells. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Separating and sorting cells and micro-organisms from a heterogeneous mixture is a fundamental step in biological, chemical and clinical studies, enabling regenerative medicine, stem cell research, clinical sample preparation and improved food safety. Particle and cell manipulation by ultrasound acoustic waves provides the capability of separation of cells on the basis of their size and physical properties. Offering the advantages of relatively large microfluidic volumes in a label-free, contactless and biocompatible manner. Consequently, the discovery of alternative methods for precise manipulation of cells and particles is of highly demand.
This thesis describes a novel approach of ultrasound acoustic manipulation of particles and cells. The principle of operation of the dynamic acoustic field method is described accompanied with acoustic separation simulations. Furthermore, the complete fabrication and characterisation of two types of ultrasound devices is given. The first one is a bulk acoustic wave (BAW) device and the second is a surface acoustic wave (SAW) device.
Successful experiments using the BAW device for sorting different diameter particles with a range from 5 to 45 μm are demonstrated, also experiments for sorting particles depending on their density are presented. Moreover, experiments of the proposed method for sorting porcine dorcal root ganglion (DRG) cells from a heterogeneous mixture of myelin debris depending on their size are displayed. Experimental results of sorting cells depending on their stiffness are demonstrated. Experiments using the fabricated SAW device for sorting different diameter particles in a constant flow with a range from 1 μm to 10 μm are presented. Furthermore, experiments of the proposed method for sorting live from dead Htert cells depending on their mechanical properties, i.e. stiffness are displayed.
As a side project a new idea for dynamic acoustic manipulation by rotating the acoustic field is demonstrated. The basic principles of this method and the simulations for verifying this concept are displayed. Experiments for sorting 10 μm from 3 μm polystyrene particles are presented, with two different types of the dynamic acoustic rotating field being examined.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: particle sorting, cell sorting, microfluidics, ultrasound, transducer, particle/cell manipulation.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Cumming, Professor David
Date of Award: 2018
Depositing User: Mr Georgios Drosos Skotis
Unique ID: glathesis:2018-8787
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2018 10:02
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2018 08:21
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/8787

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