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Genomic diversity in naturally transformable Streptococcus pneumoniae

Inverarity, Donald James (2009) Genomic diversity in naturally transformable Streptococcus pneumoniae. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) remain a substantial source of morbidity and mortality in both developing and developed countries despite a century of research and the development of effective therapeutic interventions (such as antibiotic therapy and vaccination). The ability of the pneumococcus to evade multiple classes of antibiotic through several genetically determined resistance mechanisms and its evasion of capsular polysaccharide based vaccines through serotype replacement and capsular switching, all reflect the extensive diversity and plasticity of the genome of this naturally transformable organism which can readily alter its genome in response to its environment and the pressures placed upon it in order to survive. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate this diversity from a genome sequence perspective and to relate these observations to pneumococcal molecular epidemiology in a region of high biodiversity, the pathogenesis of certain disease manifestations and assess for a possible bacterial genetic basis for the pneumococcal phenotypes of, “carriage” and, “invasion.” In order to do this, microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) has been utilized to compare DNA from a variety of pneumococcal isolates chosen from 10 diverse serotypes and Multilocus Sequence Types and from clinically relevant serotypes and sequence types (particularly serotypes 3, 4 and 14 and sequence types ST9, ST246 and ST180)) against a reference, sequenced pneumococcal genome from an extensively investigated serotype 4 isolate – TIGR4. Microarray comparison of the transcriptional profiles of several isolates has also been undertaken to compare gene expression from isolates of serotype 1 (ST227 and ST306) and serotype 3 (ST180) related to particular disease states and exposure of a multi-resistant pneumococcus to an antimicrobial (clarithromycin) commonly used to treat pneumococcal pneumonia.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae, pneumococcus, genome, diversity, microarray
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Supervisor's Name: Mitchell, Professor Timothy J
Date of Award: 2009
Depositing User: Dr Donald J Inverarity
Unique ID: glathesis:2009-901
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2009
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:27
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/901

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