Ring-closing metathesis cascade toward a formal synthesis of taxol

Letort, Aurelien (2015) Ring-closing metathesis cascade toward a formal synthesis of taxol. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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TaxolTM and its derivatives are the largest selling anticancer drugs of all time. Numerous synthetic works and total syntheses have been published since its discovery, but to date no high yielding synthesis with less than 37 steps has been achieved. In this thesis is presented our synthetic efforts toward such a robust and efficient synthesis of Taxol.

The optimisation of the Shapiro coupling fragments syntheses were investigated to enhance the robustness of our strategy. Then the C7-deoxy model ABC tricycle ring-system of Taxol, which lacks the oxygenated substituent at C7, has been efficiently synthesised by a dienyne ring-closing metathesis cascade (RCDEYM). This cascade closed the AB 6/8 membered ring system in a single operation. Other dienyne ring-closing metathesis cascades with similar substrates were also performed, assessing the influence of ruthenium catalysts, C1-C2 diol protecting groups (R1, R2), and substitution of the alkene at C13.

Synthetic efforts were also devoted to apply such a powerful method toward a formal synthesis of Taxol from an intermediate Holton and co-workers synthesised. During our studies, the C7-oxy group was found to be critical to access the ABC tricyclic core of Taxol by metathesis cascade. Understanding of the importance of this C7-oxy group was undertaken and led to the conception of a metathesis cascade prediction model.

Once the metathesis cascade was optimised, differentiation of the three trisubstituted alkenes present on the ABC tricyclic ring system was studied and elaboration of a formal synthesis was endeavoured.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Taxol, Formal Synthesis, Metathesis Cascade, Organic Synthesis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Supervisor's Name: Prunet, Dr. Joëlle
Date of Award: 2015
Depositing User: Aurelien Letort
Unique ID: glathesis:2015-6677
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 12:03
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2015 10:50
URI: https://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/6677

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