Enzymes of cyclic AMP metabolism in hepatocytes

Zeng, Li (1996) Enzymes of cyclic AMP metabolism in hepatocytes. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b1589219


Incubation of hepatocytes or the SV40-DNA immortalised hepatocyte P9 cell line with cholera toxin led to a time-dependent activation of adenylyl cyclase activity which occurred after a defined lag period. When added together with cholera toxin, each of the hormones insulin and vasopressin was capable of attenuating the maximum stimulatory effect achieved by cholera toxin over a period of 60min through a process which could be blocked by the compounds staurosporine and chelerythrine. Attenuating effects upon cholera toxin- stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity could also be elicited using either tlie protein kinase C stimulating phorbol ester PMA (12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13- acetate) or the protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid. Alkaline phosphatase treatment of membranes reversed the inhibitory effect of PMA. Cholera toxin also stimulated the adenylyl cyclase activity of intact CHO and NIH-3T3 cells but this activity was insensitive to the addition of PMA. Overexpression of various protein kinase C isoforms in CHO cell lines did not confer sensitivity to inhibition by PMA upon cholera toxin stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity. It is suggested that the protein kinase C mediated phosphorylation of a membrane protein attenuates cholera toxin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in hepatocytes and P9 cells. The cellular selectivity of such an action may be due to the target for this inhibitory action of protein kinase C being a particular isoform of adenylyl cyclase. This is believed to be type V adenylyl cyclase which provides the major activity in hepatocytes and P9 cells but is absent from both CHO and NIH-3T3 cells. Multiple families of phosphodiesterase are differential.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Physiology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Supervisor's Name: Houslay, Professor Miles
Date of Award: 1996
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1996-71821
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 17 May 2019 09:31
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 14:10
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.71821
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/71821

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