Essays on financial contracts and business cycles

Duncan, Alfred James Michael (2015) Essays on financial contracts and business cycles. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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This dissertation studies the intersection between the sharing of individual specific risks and business cycle risks. Individual specific or idiosyncratic risk sharing is typically hampered by moral hazard, and in Chapter 2 we propose a new theory of debt finance as an effective mechanism for sharing idiosyncratic risks. But business cycle or systemic risk sharing is also affected by the means of idiosyncratic risk sharing. Departures from full systemic risk sharing can dampen the incentive compatibility constraint allowing a greater degree of idiosyncratic risk sharing (Chapter 1). Entrepreneurs’ productive risk can quickly transform into low employment, as wages fall below marginal revenue products of labour (Chapter 3). Market prices for systemic risk insurance do not necessarily internalise balance sheet externalities, resulting in excessive swings in leverage and factor market wedges of inefficiency (Chap- ter 4). Sometimes, agents have private information about the risks faced by their projects, and how they correlate with the broader economy. When this is the case, optimal systemic risk sharing arrangements must allocate business systemic risk in a way that deters entrepreneurs from herding among their peers (Chapter 5).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Macroeconomics, monetary economics, contract theory, microeconomics, financial accelerator.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Colleges/Schools: College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Supervisor's Name: Nolan, Professor Charles and Leith, Professor Campbell
Date of Award: 2015
Depositing User: Dr Alfred Duncan
Unique ID: glathesis:2015-7267
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 05 May 2016 07:46
Last Modified: 05 May 2016 07:55

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