Industrialization in the Sudan: Issues and policies

Wasfi, Fawzi Ibrahim (1970) Industrialization in the Sudan: Issues and policies. MLitt(R) thesis, University of Glasgow.

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In view of the sluggishness in foreign demand for primary products, nearly all developing countries have actively embarked on a deliberate policy of industrialization in an endeavour to reduce the risk resulting from the excessive dependence on the exports of primary products, and to broaden the basis for growth. The urge to industrialize is further strengthened by the benefits that could be derived from industrialization e.g. creation of employment, enhancement of capital formation, development of talents and skills etc. etc. Generally, in most of these countries the pattern of industrial development is directed towards the production of import substitutes, especially of light consumer goods. This line of policy is dictated not only by the availability of resources, but also by the existence of trade barriers which stand in the way of pushing the exports of manufactured goods by the developing countries. However, in spite of the criticism which is usually launched against import-substituting industrialization, it is our contention, in view of the above, that it is the main open path for the developing countries, and that if it is carefully planned and built on an economically sound basis, it is bound to bring good results which would pave the way for further development. Sudan, as a primary producing country and being heavily dependent on a single cash crop namely the extra long-staple cotton, has followed the same line of policy i.e. the development of light manufacturing in an endeavour to diversify the structure of production. The first serious attempt towards industrialization occurred after the country attained its independence in 1956. Since then there has been a steady expansion in the manufacturing sector. Most of the industries installed are initiated by the private sector. Direct government participation is confined to industries for which private capital has not been forthcoming. To induce both foreign and domestic private capital to invest in the field of manufacturing, the government has enacted incentive legislations embodying a range of concessions and facilities with varying degrees of effectiveness in stimulating the desired investments.

Item Type: Thesis (MLitt(R))
Qualification Level: Masters
Additional Information: Adviser: L Sirc
Keywords: Management, Commerce-Business
Date of Award: 1970
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1970-72756
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 11:06
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2019 11:06

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