Underwater optical communication systems

Giuliano, Giovanni (2019) Underwater optical communication systems. EngD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b3350410


I present in this thesis the results of my research in the field of underwater optical communication system (UOCS). Recently, underwater free-space optical (FSO) communication has been one of the major interesting research subjects due to the high demand for underwater activities that require high-bandwidth and flexible solutions.
An optical communication system consists of three main blocks: transmitter, medium and receiver. Therefore, I provide an introduction to the topic, outlining the physical reasons and the engineering challenges that are behind the following sections. Among others, the optical properties of ocean water, the optimum wavelength selection and a description of the main system components are provided so that the system link budget can be subsequently optimised.
Various modulation schemes adopted in free-space optics communication are evaluated and compared with a focus on the most power-efficient modulation format that offers successful and reliable data transmission. The system performances are numerically investigated using statistical analysis techniques over a typical range of achievable SNR in an underwater scenario.
The characterisation and the data performance of a commercial GaN-based laser diode operating at 450 nm are presented. The detrimental impact of the solar background power on the system performance and the strategy to minimise its contribution is also discussed for a conventional Silicon PIN detector and the novel Silicon PhotoMultiplier
(SiPM) technology. The design trade-off between the performance improvement given by an optical narrow bandpass filter matching a Fraunhofer line and the field-of-view of the receiver is also presented. A flexible MATLAB model has been developed to simulate a range of different scenarios and evaluate the system performances in different situations and the necessary design trade-off.
A novel free-space waveguiding method is also presented for laser-based underwater communication systems. The proposed Underwater Wireless Acousto-Optic Waveguide (UWAOW) generates a localised modification of the refractive index of seawater in response to an acoustic field. Two geometries and their modelling are provided in order to take advantage of the proposed technique. These results show the importance of this emerging, challenging and fascinating contemporary research field.

Item Type: Thesis (EngD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Additional Information: Supported by funding: EPSRC reference 1566934.
Keywords: Underwater optical communication, free-space optical communication, ocean optics.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Kelly, Professor Anthony and Rowe, Mr. Duncan
Date of Award: 2019
Depositing User: Mr Giovanni Giuliano
Unique ID: glathesis:2019-73010
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 12:33
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2020 22:15
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.73010
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/73010
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