Studies on Adenosine and Calcium Antagonists in Rat Brain

Bartrup, Julian Timothy (1989) Studies on Adenosine and Calcium Antagonists in Rat Brain. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Adenosine is an endogenous neuromodulator that can impose an inhibitory action on synaptic transmission in the peripheral and central nervous system. In the central nervous system the mechanism by which adenosine acts is unclear. One proposed mechanism is by an action at presynaptic calcium channels to reduce calcium influx and subsequent neurotransmitter release. Three approaches were used to study interactions between adenosine and calcium related events. A neurochemical approach was used to determine the action of adenosine on presynaptic calcium uptake in central nervous tissue. Electrophysiological techniques were employed in the hippocampal slice preparation to study a) the interactions between calcium channel blockers and adenosine compounds and b) the effect of magnesium free ACSF on the inhibition of synaptic transmission by adenosine. Determination of the uptake of radiocalcium into rat brain synaptosomes across potassium activated voltage dependent calcium channels demonstrated that adenosine compounds could impose a small but significant inhibition on calcium uptake. A similar action was demonstrated on calcium uptake into hippocampal slices, an action that was effectively antagonized by the adenosine antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline The dihydropyridine class of calcium channel blockers do not affect synaptic transmission in the hippocampal slice, but they do affect the action of adenosine and adenosine analogues. Nifedipine and BayK 8644, a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker and activator respectively, both act to increase the inhibition of synaptic transmission by adenosine while attenuating the inhibitory action of the adenosine analogues. This interaction appears to involve an effect at both the adenosine receptor and the nucleoside transport system. In the hippocampal slice the inhibitory action of adenosine on the synaptically evoked population potential was markedly attenuated, and in some cases totally abolished, when magnesium ions were omitted from the artificial cerebrospinal fluid bathing the slice. The proposed explanation for this effect is that activation of NMDA receptor associated channels directly reduces the inhibitory action of adenosine on synaptic transmission. The results of this study into the action of adenosine on calcium channel associated actions confirm the ability of adenosine to reduce presynaptic calcium influx. It also highlights an interaction between adenosine and the dihydropyridines and provides evidence for an interaction between adenosine inhibition of synaptic transmission and activation of NMDA receptor operated calcium channels.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Pharmacology, Neurosciences
Date of Award: 1989
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1989-78008
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 15:44
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 15:44

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