Synthesis of novel organic semiconductors for optoelectronic devices

Cariello, Michele (2016) Synthesis of novel organic semiconductors for optoelectronic devices. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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This thesis describes the synthesis and characterisation of novel conjugated organic materials with optoelectronic application. The first chapter provides an introduction about organic semiconductors and in particular about their working principle from a physical and chemical point of view. An overview of the most common types of solar cells is provided, including examples of some of the best performing materials.
The second chapter describes the synthesis of a new library of flavin derivatives as potential active materials for optoelectronic applications. Flavins are natural redox-active molecules, which show potential application in optoelectronics, thanks to their stability and versatility. FPF-Flavins, for instance, could be used either as acceptor units in push-pull polyconjugated systems or as acceptor unit in dyes for DSSCs. In the same chapter a first attempt of synthesising bis-flavins to be used as N-type semiconductors in BHJ devices is described.
The third chapter describes the successful synthesis and characterization of a series of conjugated organic molecules based on the benzothiadiazole moiety. Among these, three molecules containing ferrocene as donor unit were tested as sensitizers for DSSCs, reporting a PCE of 0.3% as the best result. Further studies indicated a significant problem of charge recombination which limits the performance. A near-infrared absorbing push-pull polymer, based on BbT as acceptor unit, was also synthesised and tested in BHJ devices as P-type semiconductor in blend with PC71BM, showing a VOC of 0.71 V.
Finally, the last chapter describes the synthesis of several tetrathiafulvalene derivatives in order to explore this moiety as donor unit in dyes for DSSCs and as HTM for perovskite-based solar cells. In particular, two very simple dyes were synthesised and implemented in DSSCs reporting a PCE 0.2% and 0.4%, respectively. The low efficiency was associated to the tendency to aggregate at the solid state, with the absorption shifting from the visible to the infrared range. A conjugated molecule, containing a DPP core, was also synthesised and tested as HTM for perovskite solar cells. The best reported PCE of 7.7% was obtained without any additives. A case study about dehalogenation and “halogen dance” in TTF iodide is also presented.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Organic semiconductors, organic photovoltaics, dye-sensitised solar cells, flavins, ferrocene, benzothiadiazoles, tetrathiafulvalene.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Funder's Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Supervisor's Name: Cooke, Professor Graeme
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Mr Michele Cariello
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7805
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2017 14:41
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 16:11

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