Vibrational Studies of Some Inorganic Solids

Dunsmuir, James T. R (1972) Vibrational Studies of Some Inorganic Solids. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The solid state vibrational spectra of various inorganic halides and cyanides are discussed, and the advantages of single-crystal methods, particularly polarised far-i.r. reflectance spectroscopy, in determining the precise nature of solid state vibrational effects are illustrated. Single-crystal data on halogenometallates containing isolated octahedral anions demonstrate the way in which the vibrations of these ions are split under the influence of the crystal field. The relationship between the spectra and structures of cross-linked octahedral anions is discussed, and the i.r. spectra of the main types of perovskite chloride (AMCl3) structures are presented. The spectra of the AHgX3 complexes are related to the presence of molecular HgX2 units in a distorted octahedral environment. The i.r. spectra of A2MCl4 and A3MCl5 crystals show most of the predicted internal modes of the approximately tetrahedral MCl42-ions present in both. The observed splittings are used to estimate the magnitude of the static and dynamic field effects in these crystals, and to establish the relationship of the splitting of the fundamental modes of the tetrahedral anions to the degree of distortion in the various structures. The selection rules operating in the low temperature spectra of the (NMe4)2MCl4 complexes are interpreted in terms of orientational disordering of the anions. The unusually high frequency of a lattice mode in the A3MCl5 complexes is attributed to the presence of free chloride ions in these structures. A number of aquochlorometallates provide examples of interesting anions, and the spectra of some of these are investigated. A band due to the stretch of the long Cu-Cl bond in K2CuCl4. 2H2O is identified, and the validity of this assignment is discussed. Far-i.r. results are also given for K2FeCl5.H2O and some aquochloromanganates. In order to explain peculiarities in the far-i.r. spectra of some ammonium halogenometallates, an attempt is made to determine the spectroscopic effects of hydrogen bonding on the fundamental and lattice vibrations of the ammonium ion. From the results obtained, a set of simple criteria for the routine detection of hydrogen bonding in these systems is proposed. Results are presented for a number of cyanometallates, including K3Fe(CN)6. The frequencies of the bands observed in the complex low frequency region of the i.r. spectrum of this complex agree well with those calculated by a published normal coordinate analysis, and help to resolve an ambiguity in the vibrational assignments. The i.r. selection rules for the (CN) modes of hexacyanometallate ions doped in KCl crystals are used to determine the local environments of the doped ions in the lattice.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Inorganic chemistry
Date of Award: 1972
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1972-78608
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2020 12:09
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2020 12:09
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/78608

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