Solubility in the Vapour Phase, and, Binary Liquid Systems and the Mixture Rule

MacFarlane, Walter (1934) Solubility in the Vapour Phase, and, Binary Liquid Systems and the Mixture Rule. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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A binary solution may be regarded as something between a compound and a simple mixture of its two constituents.The physical properties of a solution cannot as a rule be calculated from those of its constituents, and the influence exerted by each constituent on the properties of the other has been designated by the term "solvent effect".Solvent effect is small if the two constituents are closely related chemically, for example, if they are the neighbouring members of an homologous series. On the other hand it may have a high value if the solution constituents differ greatly in chemical nature, as is the case for an aqueous solution of sulphuric acid.In gaseous mixtures at atmospheric pressure the molecules are so widely separated that any Interaction between them is slight, and therefore as a rule solvent effect is small; but as is shown in the first part of this thesis, it need not be altogether absent.In the case of liquid solutions, numerous investigations as to the extent and nature of solvent effect have been carried out. The second part of the thesis deals with an attempt to decide which of the three methods: mass, volume or molecular proportions, is the most suitable for expressing the composition of a liquid solution when investigating the solvent in such liquid systems.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Physical chemistry
Date of Award: 1934
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1934-80021
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2020 10:06
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 10:06

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