Terahertz antenna design for future wireless communication

Abohmra, Abdoalbaset (2022) Terahertz antenna design for future wireless communication. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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A Terahertz (THz) antenna with a size of a few micrometres cannot be accomplished by just reducing the extent of a traditional metallic antenna down to a couple of micrometres. This approach has several downsides. For example, the low mobility of electrons in nanoscale metallic structures would result in high channel attenuation. Thus, using traditional micrometre metallic antennas for THz wireless communication becomes unfeasible. The THz band refers to the electromagnetic spectrum between the microwave and infrared frequency bands, which is colloquially referred to as the band gap due to the lack of materials and technological advancements. As opposed to their visible-spectrum features, metals such as gold and silver, which typically exhibit surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), have completely different THz physical properties. 2D materials, which typically refer to single-layer materials, have been the focal point of researchers since the advent of graphene. 2D materials, for example, graphene, perovskite, and MoS2 (TMDs), provide a ground-breaking stage to control the propagation, modulation, and detection of THz waves. Moreover, 2D materials can enable the propagation of SPP waves in the THz band. These materials offer a promise of a future technological revolution. Combined with other profound advantages in lightweight, mechanical flexibility, and environmental friendliness, 2D materials can be used to fabricate low-cost wearable devices. This study also reported CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite as a promising material for THz antennas for wearable applications. CH3NH3PbI3 has a high charge carrier mobility and diffusion length, indicating that this material is a potential candidate for antenna design. The attractive feature about perovskite, graphene and other 2D materials is the ultra-high specific surface areas that enable their energy band structures to be sensitive to external basing. In the literature, scientists have tested a wide range of nano-antenna designs using modelling and simulation approaches. Nano-antenna fabrication and measurement using 2D materials is still the missing piece in the THz band. The design, fabrication, and measurement of THz antennas based on 2D materials for wearable wireless communication is the primary goal of this PhD study, including designing, fabrication, and measurement. In this study, we have designed, fabricated, and measured five different designs using different materials in the THz band, which will pave the way for enabling future THz short-range wireless communication.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Abbasi, Dr. Qammer, Abbas, Dr. Hasan and Imran, Professor Muhammad
Date of Award: 2022
Depositing User: Theses Team
Unique ID: glathesis:2022-83007
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 09:34
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 09:35
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.83007
URI: https://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/83007
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