Antenna sensing for wearable applications

Nikbakhtnasrabadi, Fatemeh (2022) Antenna sensing for wearable applications. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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As wearable technologies are growing fast, there is emerging trend to increase functionality of the devices. Antennas which are primarily component in communication systems can offer attractive route forward to minimize the number of components functioning as a sensing element for wearable and flexible electronics. Toward development of flexible antenna as sensing element, this thesis investigates the development of the flexible and printed sensing NFC RFID tag. In this approach, the sensor measurement is supported by the internal sensor and analog-to-digital convertor (ADC) of the NFC transponder. Design optimisation, fabrication and characterization of the printed antenna are described. Besides, the printed antenna, NFC transponder and two simple resistive sensors are integrated to form a fully flexible sensing RFID tag demonstrating applicability in food and health monitoring.
This thesis also presents development of two antenna sensors by using functional materials: (i) An inductor-capacitor (LC) resonant tank based wireless pressure sensor on electrospun Poly-L-lactide (PLLA) nanofibers-based substrate. The screen-printed resonant tank (resonant frequency of ~13.56 MHz) consists of a planar inductor connected in parallel with an interdigitated capacitor. Since the substrates is piezoelectric, the capacitance of the interdigitated capacitor varies in response to the applied pressure. To demonstrate a potential application of developed pressure sensor, it was integrated on a compression bandage to monitor sub-bandage pressure. (ii) To investigate the realization of sensing antenna as temperature sensor simple loop antenna is designed and in this study unlike the first study that the sensing element was the substrate, the conductive body of the antenna itself is considered as a functional material. In this case, a small part of a loop antenna which originally was printed using silver paste is replaced by Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrene (PEDOT: PSS). The sensing mechanism is based on the resonant frequency shift by varying temperature.
While using functional materials is useful for realization of antenna sensor, another approach also is presented by developing stretchable textile-based microstrip antennas on deformable substrate which can measure joint angles of a human limb. The EM characteristics of the meshed patch antenna were compared with its metallic counterpart fabricated with lithography technique. Moreover, the concept of stretchable UHF RFID-based strain sensor is touched in the final part of this thesis.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Dahiya, Prof. Ravinder
Date of Award: 2022
Depositing User: Theses Team
Unique ID: glathesis:2022-83010
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2022 09:22
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2022 09:22
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.83010
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