Exploring ethnic variations in lifestyle and diabetes: using evidence from UK Biobank Data

Ntuk, Uduakobong Efanga (2024) Exploring ethnic variations in lifestyle and diabetes: using evidence from UK Biobank Data. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an important public health problem, with prevalence rapidly rising in the last decade by 65% in the United Kingdom. Those with type 2 diabetes carry twice the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and premature mortality amongst adults. The UK population is now ageing and the number of multi-ethnic populations in UK is increasing, the burden of T2DM is of prime importance.

Improved lifestyle behaviours could significantly prevent the onset and also improve the effect of diabetes disease. However, the underpinning evidences have largely been obtained from studies of populations of white European descent. It is unclear whether these recommendations are appropriate for other ethnic groups. The prevalence of T2DM, it's impacts and controls differ between ethnic populations. T2DM is more common, more severe, develops at an earlier age as well as develops at lower obesity levels in the non-white minority population living within the United Kingdom compared with the majority White population. Therefore, more inclusive epidemiological information is critical for effective planning and designing of interventions to improve population health, particularly amongst non-white minority groups.

The aim of this thesis was to assess and analyse epidemiological data on the ethnic differences in sex, adiposity and lifestyle factors on T2DM risk among middle-aged adults in the United Kingdom with focus on European white, South Asians (people originating from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh), Blacks (Black African and Black Caribbean) and Chinese descent populations.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
Supervisor's Name: Pell, Professor Jill, Sattar, Professor Naveed and Gill, Professor Jason
Date of Award: 2024
Depositing User: Theses Team
Unique ID: glathesis:2024-84213
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2024 14:38
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 14:41
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.84213
URI: https://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/84213
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