A fairness-based astronomical waste argument

Kaczmarek, Patrick Krystof (2018) A fairness-based astronomical waste argument. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b3305968


I defend a modified version of Marc Fleurbaey and Alex Voorhoeve's Competing Claims View that captures an additional consideration of fairness in the context of variable populations. I call this consideration `worthwhileness'. Part 1 goes on to argue that this view describes the expected value of a lottery in a way that is consistent with the axiological framework of Averagism. Also, I propose a novel definition of `overpopulation', and explain why considerations of fairness so-described by Averagism support our other moral reasons for avoiding overpopulating the world. In part 2, I design and run a toy model to determine which development policy-option is best in terms of satisfying the Competing Claims View. One of these options is ambiguous insofar as it combines two intuitions which have time and again proven themselves rather diffcult to jointly pin down. Putting them together forms what I will hereafter call, after its leading proponent, Broome's Intuition About Neutrality (`BN'). I argue that there is at least one combination of a (mathematically) well-behaved axiology and bridge principle that yields a moral theory which satisfies the normative reading of BN. Armed with all the right ingredients, we can now run the model. Based on some conservative assumptions, we find that we ought to take steps towards: (a) militating against the threat of a broken world; and (b) prolonging humankind's place in the stars (to some extent).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: population ethics, axiology, fairness, competing claims view.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
Colleges/Schools: College of Arts > School of Humanities > Philosophy
Supervisor's Name: Colburn, Dr. Ben and Brown, Dr. Campbell
Date of Award: 2018
Depositing User: Patrick Kaczmarek
Unique ID: glathesis:2018-8889
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 08:53
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 10:48
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/8889

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