Analysis of the functions and interactions of RAD51 paralogues in Trypanosoma brucei

Dobson, Rachel Pamela (2009) Analysis of the functions and interactions of RAD51 paralogues in Trypanosoma brucei. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Trypanosoma brucei evades host acquired immunity by antigenic variation, involving periodic switches in the variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) coat. DNA recombination is critical in this process and a key component of homologous recombination, RAD51, also plays a role in VSG switching. T. brucei encodes four proteins distantly related to RAD51; termed RAD51 paralogues, named RAD51-3, RAD51-4, RAD51-5 and RAD51-6. Two of these RAD51 paralogues, RAD51-3 and RAD51-5, have been shown to function in homologous recombination, DNA repair and RAD51 re-localization into foci following DNA damage. Surprisingly, however, only RAD51-3 appears to act in VSG switching.
To examine the functions of all the RAD51 paralogues in T. brucei, reverse genetics has been used to generate mutants of the two remaining unstudied paralogues, RAD51-4 and RAD51-6. Phenotypic analysis of both mutant cell lines indicates that these factors also play critical roles in RAD51-directed recombination and repair, and both influence VSG switching in the parasite. As homozygous mutant cell lines of RAD51 and the RAD51 paralogues were available, it was possible to comprehensively compare the phenotypes of rad51 -/- with rad51-3 -/-, rad51-4 -/-, rad51-5 -/-, and rad51-6 -/-. From these results it was observed that the phenotypes of the rad51 paralogue mutants are broadly equivalent, with two exceptions. Firstly, as mentioned above, RAD51-5 does not function in VSG switching, and RAD51-4 and RAD51-6 may not have direct roles in VSG switching. Secondly, rad51-4 -/- mutants are less sensitive to the DNA damaging agent phleomycin and a higher percentage of rad51-4 -/- cells form DNA damage-induced RAD51 foci compared with the other homozygous mutant cell lines. These results may imply that RAD51-4 and RAD51-5 have a less central role in RAD51-directed DNA repair or that their functions can be performed by other factors. In addition, the physical interactions of all the RAD51 paralogues were examined. It was found by yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation that they form at least two complexes, and probably function in sub-complexes in a similar manner to the Rad51 paralogues of higher eukaryotes. These analyses shed light on the evolution and role of eukaryotic RAD51 paralogues in DNA recombination and repair in general, as well as the contribution that recombination makes to antigenic variation in T. brucei.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: RAD51 paralogues, Trypanosoma brucei, DNA repair
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Supervisor's Name: McCulloch, Dr. Richard
Date of Award: 2009
Depositing User: Ms Rachel P Dobson
Unique ID: glathesis:2009-939
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2009
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:28

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