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The role of Britain in Greek politics and military operations 1947-1952

Delaporta, Eleftheria (2003) The role of Britain in Greek politics and military operations 1947-1952. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

This thesis examines Anglo-Greek relations during 1947-1952; the era of the Greek civil war from the British announcement to withdraw aid from Greece until the end of the civil war and Greece's entry into NATO. A comprehensive treatment of the crisis of the civil of the civil war focuses on British imperial defence, the politics and society of Greece and bilateral relations as formulated by Cold War needs. During the rift between the Right and the Left in Greece, the main issue addressed by this work is the continuation of British influence in Greek affairs and the extension of British interest in bolstering the anti-Communist fight of the Greek government. In 1947 Britain, being itself on the verge of economic collapse, opted to discontinue financial support to the Greek right-wing government, which boosted the enunciation of the Truman Doctrine in March 1947. In the wake of American interference in Greece, Anglo-Greek relations remained close and intense, as the Greek governments maintained their trust in the British. For the British, Greece remained a destitute country, in need for assistance to defeat the communists. This study emphasises the diplomatic and military co-operation between the British, the American and the Greek governments in trying to defeat the communist forces, while attention is given to the policy and aims of the Greek Communist Party. The communist attempts to take over power along with the policies of the Greek governments and their allies are examined, with particular emphasis on the counterinsurgency operations of the Greek government developed from 1947 until the final defeat of the communist forces in 1949. The British role in these operations is considered to be important and influential in training and equipping the Greek armed forces. In the first post-civil war period of 1950-1953, the main issues examined are the attempts made by the Greek governments and the allies to establish a strong democratic cabinet and to strengthen the security of Greece within the context of international Cold War policies. Due to anti-Communist perceptions, precipitated by the Korean War, Greece became a quasi NATO member in 1950 and full member in 1952, which brought the withdrawal of the British Military Mission from Greece.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DF Greece
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D839 Post-war History, 1945 on
Colleges/Schools: College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Supervisor's Name: Ball, Dr. Simon
Date of Award: 2003
Depositing User: Mrs Marie Cairney
Unique ID: glathesis:2003-1138
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2009
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:34
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1138

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