Glasgow Theses Service

Pulse propagation in the pulmonary and systemic arteries

Vaughan, Gareth D.A. (2010) Pulse propagation in the pulmonary and systemic arteries. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (38Mb) | Preview

Abstract

The one-dimensional model of Olufsen (2000) [*] for blood flow in the systemic arteries has been extended and built upon in a number of ways. Firstly, it has been applied to hypotheses of diseases of the systemic circulation, and that of the microcirculation. With a view to better understanding the microcirculation (the smallest vessels of the systemic circulation) and its diseases, the model has been extended to provide predictions of the propagating pressure pulse and flow rate in small arteries. Secondly, Olufsen’s model has been used as a base upon which to build a model of the pulmonary circulation, incorporating both the pulmonary arterial and venous circulations, with detailed simulations of pressure and flow predicted in the large pulmonary arteries and large pulmonary veins. To this end, a new model has been eveloped to describe a connected network of small arteries and small veins, replacing the small arterial model used as an outflow condition in the original model. A new outflow condition to describe the return of blood from the pulmonary venous system to the left atrium of the heart has also been implemented. Finally, this new pulmonary model has been applied to various hypotheses as to the causes of diseases and disorders of the pulmonary circulation, providing predictions of pressure and flow in the large pulmonary arteries and veins in both normal and abnormal circumstances, and showing agreement with clinical observations. [*] M.S. Olufsen at al. Numerical simulation and experimental validation of blood flow in arteries with structured-tree outflow conditions. Ann Biomed Eng, 28:1281–1299, 2000.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Arterial Fluid Dynamics, Blood Flow, Pulmonary Circulation, Pulmonary Hypertension, Pulse Propagation, Structured Tree
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Supervisor's Name: Hill, Professor Nicholas A.
Date of Award: 2010
Depositing User: Mr Gareth D.A. Vaughan
Unique ID: glathesis:2010-1785
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 11 May 2010
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:46
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1785

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item