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An investigation into the usability and acceptability of multi-channel authentication to online banking users in Oman

Al-Fairuz, Mohamed Ali Suleiman (2011) An investigation into the usability and acceptability of multi-channel authentication to online banking users in Oman. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Authentication mechanisms provide the cornerstone for security for many distributed systems, especially for increasingly popular online applications. For decades, widely used, traditional authentication methods included passwords and PINs that are now inadequate to protect online users and organizations from ever more sophisticated attacks. This study proposes an improvement to traditional authentication mechanisms. The solution introduced here includes a one-time-password (OTP) and incorporates the concept of multiple levels and multiple channels – features that are much more successful than traditional authentication mechanisms in protecting users' online accounts from being compromised. This research study reviews and evaluates current authentication classes and mechanisms and proposes an authentication mechanism that uses a variety of techniques, including multiple channels, to resist attacks more effectively than most commonly used mechanisms. Three aspects of the mechanism were evaluated: 1. The security of multi-channel authentication (MCA) was evaluated in theoretical terms, using a widely accepted methodology. 2. The usability was evaluated by carrying out a user study. 3. Finally, the acceptability thereof was evaluated by asking the participants in study (2) specific questions which aligned with the technology acceptance model (TAM). The study’s analysis of the data, gathered from online questionnaires and application log tables, showed that most participants found the MCA mechanism superior to other available authentication mechanisms and clearly supported the proposed MCA mechanism and the benefits that it provides. The research presents guidelines on how to implement the proposed mechanism, provides a detailed analysis of its effectiveness in protecting users' online accounts against specific, commonly deployed attacks, and reports on its usability and acceptability. It represents a significant step forward in the evolution of authentication mechanisms meeting the security needs of online users while maintaining usability.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Authentication,Multilevel,Multi-channel,Online Banking,eBanking,Internet Banking,Authorization,Emergency Authentication,One-time-pin,One-time-password,OTP,Usability,Acceptability,TAM,Efficiency,Effectiveness,Satisfaction
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Supervisor's Name: Renaud, Dr. Karen
Date of Award: 2011
Depositing User: Mr Mohamed Ali Suleiman Al Fairuz
Unique ID: glathesis:2011-3078
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2012
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 14:03
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/3078

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