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Development of new methods in solid-state NMR

Ball, Thomas James (2008) Development of new methods in solid-state NMR. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Many chemically important nuclei are quadrupolar with half-integer spin (i.e., spin I = 1.5, 2.5, etc.) The presence of quadrupolar broadening for such nuclei can limit the information that may be extracted using NMR. MAS is able to remove first-order quadrupolar broadening but can only reduce the second-order contribution to the linewidth. The MQMAS and STMAS techniques have enabled high-resolution NMR spectra of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in the solid state to be obtained by two-dimensional correlation under MAS conditions. Both of these experiments have several well-known limitations. One is that the conversion pulses in particular are very inefficient and the other is that the longer acquisition times required for two-dimensional experiments can be a limiting factor. Both of these disadvantages are addressed in this thesis. For the former case, existing composite pulse schemes designed to improve the efficiency of the conversion of multiple-quantum coherences are compared using 27Al and 87Rb MQMAS NMR of a series of crystalline and amorphous materials. In the latter case, a new experiment, named STARTMAS, is introduced that enables isotropic spectra of spin I = 1.5 spectra to be acquired in real time. The theoretical basis of the technique is explained and its applicability demonstrated using 23Na and 87Rb NMR of a wide range of solids. The nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) is one of the most widely exploited phenomena in NMR and is now widely used for molecular structure determination in solution. NOEs in the solid state are rare and those to quadrupolar nuclei rarer still, this being due to the general absence of motion on the correct timescale and the usual efficiency of quadrupolar T1 relaxation, respectively. In this thesis, 11B{1H} transient NOE results are presented for a range of solid borane adducts. A comparison is made of the 11B NMR enhancements observed under MAS and static conditions and a rationale is proposed for the behaviour in the latter case.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Supervisor's Name: Wimperis, Prof. Stephen
Date of Award: 2008
Depositing User: MR THOMAS BALL
Unique ID: glathesis:2008-385
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2009
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:18
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/385

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