"I wish they were all here": Scottish Highlanders in Ohio 1802-1840

Epperson, Amanda (2002) "I wish they were all here": Scottish Highlanders in Ohio 1802-1840. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

This dissertation investigates the validity of three commonly held beliefs regarding British emigration to the United States after 1781. First, that Highlanders were predominantly loyalists and abandoned their homes in the United States after the American Revolution. Second, that Highland emigration must be defined in terms of landlord action and that it most affected the West Highland and islands. Third, that nineteenth-century British emigrants did not form ethnic or cultural communities in the United States. The first theme was examined primarily through secondary sources and modern loyalist studies. The next two themes have centred on Scotch Settlement, located in Columbiana County, Ohio. These Highlanders, who emigrated between 1801 and 1840, were predominantly from Strathdearn and Strathnairn near Inverness. They, and their descendents, left a rich resource of letters and local and family histories, which, together with other materials, have directed the research. This dissertation firmly suggests that these beliefs regarding British emigration in the nineteenth century are inaccurate. Not only did many Highlanders remain in the United States after the Revolution, but they continued to emigrate there. Emigration significantly affected all regions of the Highlands, especially the parishes near Inverness. Highlanders from this region were not forced from their homes. They, like their landlords, lived in an economically depressed region and all classes used emigration as a coping mechanism. Finally, the Scotch Settlement Highlanders created and maintained a distinct cultural community for at lest 50 years, indicating that it was possible for British immigrants to do so.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
E History America > E151 United States (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Cowan, Prof. Edward J.
Date of Award: 2002
Depositing User: Angi Shields
Unique ID: glathesis:2002-3914
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 12:21
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2013 12:56
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/3914

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