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Neutrino Factory Targets and the MICE Beam

Walaron, Kenneth Andrew (2007) Neutrino Factory Targets and the MICE Beam. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The future of particle physics in the next 30 years must include detailed study of neutrinos. The first proof of physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics is evident in results from recent neutrino experiments which imply that neutrinos have mass and flavour mixing. The Neutrino Factory is the leading contender to measure precisely the neutrino mixing parameters to probe beyond the Standard Model physics. Significantly, one must look to measure the mixing angle theta_{13} and investigate the possibility of leptonic CP violation. If found this may provide a key insight into the origins of the matter/anti-matter asymmetry seen in the universe, through the mechanism of leptogenesis. The Neutrino Factory will be a large international multi-billion dollar experiment combining novel new accelerator and long-baseline detector technology. Arguably the most important and costly features of this facility are the proton driver and cooling channel. This thesis will present simulation work focused on determining the optimal proton driver energy to maximise pion production and also simulation of the transport of this pion flux through some candidate transport lattices. Bench-marking of pion cross-sections calculated by MARS and GEANT4 codes to measured data from the HARP experiment is also presented. The cooling channel aims to reduce the phase-space volume of the decayed muon beam to a level that can be efficiently injected into the accelerator system. The Muon Ionisation Cooling Experiment (MICE) hosted by the Rutherford Appleton laboratory, UK is a proof-of-principle experiment aimed at measuring ionisation cooling. The experiment will run parasitically to the ISIS accelerator and will produce muons from pion decay. The MICE beamline provides muon beams of variable emittance and momentum to the MICE experiment to enable measurement of cooling over a wide range of beam conditions. Simulation work in the design of this beamline is presented in this thesis as are results from an experiment to estimate the flux from the target into the beamline acceptance

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: neutrino,Neutrino factory,muon ionisation cooling experiment,HARP,leptonic CP violation
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Supervisor's Name: Soler, Dr Paul
Date of Award: 2007
Depositing User: Dr K.A. Walaron
Unique ID: glathesis:2007-51
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:15
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/51

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