Splines for damage and fracture in solids

May, Stefan (2016) Splines for damage and fracture in solids. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

This thesis addresses different aspects of numerical fracture mechanics and spline technology for analysis. An energy-based arc-length control for physically non-linear problems is proposed. It switches between an internal energy-based and a dissipation-based arc-length method. The arc-length control allows to trace an equilibrium path with multiple snap-through and/or snap-back phenomena and only requires two parameters. Phase field models for brittle and cohesive fracture are numerically assessed. The impact of different parameters and boundary conditions on the phase field model for brittle fracture is investigated. It is demonstrated that Γ-convergence is not attained numerically for the phase field model for brittle fracture and that the phase field model for cohesive fracture does not pass a two-dimensional patch test when using an unstructured mesh. The properties of the Bézier extraction operator for T-splines are exploited for the determination of linear dependencies, partition of unity properties, nesting behaviour and local refinement. Unstructured T-spline meshes with extraordinary points are modified such that the blending functions fulfil the partition of unity property and possess a higher continuity. Bézier extraction for Powell-Sabin B-splines is introduced. Different spline technologies are compared when solving Kirchhoff-Love plate theory on a disc with simply supported and clamped boundary conditions. Powell-Sabin B-splines are utilised for smeared and discrete approaches to fracture. Due to the higher continuity of Powell-Sabin B-splines, the implicit fourth order gradient damage model for quasi-brittle materials can be solved and stresses can be computed directly at the crack tip when considering the cohesive zone method.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: de Borst, René
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Stefan May
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7284
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 02 May 2016 08:34
Last Modified: 02 May 2016 08:36
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7284

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