Investigating disease persistence in host vector systems: dengue as a case study

Usmani, Bilal Ahmed (2016) Investigating disease persistence in host vector systems: dengue as a case study. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The investigation of pathogen persistence in vector-borne diseases is important in different ecological and epidemiological contexts. In this thesis, I have developed deterministic and stochastic models to help investigating the pathogen persistence in host-vector systems by using efficient modelling paradigms. A general introduction with aims and objectives of the studies conducted in the thesis are provided in Chapter 1. The mathematical treatment of models used in the thesis is provided in Chapter 2 where the models are found locally asymptotically stable. The models used in the rest of the thesis are based on either the same or similar mathematical structure studied in this chapter. After that, there are three different experiments that are conducted in this thesis to study the pathogen persistence. In Chapter 3, I characterize pathogen persistence in terms of the Critical Community Size (CCS) and find its relationship with the model parameters. In this study, the stochastic versions of two epidemiologically different host-vector models are used for estimating CCS. I note that the model parameters and their algebraic combination, in addition to the seroprevalence level of the host population, can be used to quantify CCS. The study undertaken in Chapter 4 is used to estimate pathogen persistence using both deterministic and stochastic versions of a model with seasonal birth rate of the vectors. Through stochastic simulations we investigate the pattern of epidemics after the introduction of an infectious individual at different times of the year. The results show that the disease dynamics are altered by the seasonal variation. The higher levels of pre-existing seroprevalence reduces the probability of invasion of dengue. In Chapter 5, I considered two alternate ways to represent the dynamics of a host-vector model. Both of the approximate models are investigated for the parameter regions where the approximation fails to hold. Moreover, three metrics are used to compare them with the Full model. In addition to the computational benefits, these approximations are used to investigate to what degree the inclusion of the vector population in the dynamics of the system is important. Finally, in Chapter 6, I present the summary of studies undertaken and possible extensions for the future work.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: host-vector systems, critical community size (CCS), pathogen persistence, deterministic models, stochastic models, seasonal epidemic dengue model, endemic disease, dengue, epidemics, approximate models, quasi-stationary distribution (QSD)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Haydon, Prof. Daniel and Mancy, Dr. Rebeca
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Dr. Bilal Ahmed Usmani
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7416
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2016 13:19
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2016 08:44
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7416

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