In vivo microvascular oximetry using multispectral imaging

MacKenzie, Lewis Edward (2016) In vivo microvascular oximetry using multispectral imaging. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

This thesis describes the application of multispectral imaging to several novel oximetry applications. Chapter 1 motivates optical microvascular oximetry, outlines oxygen transport in the body, describes the theory of oximetry, and describes the challenges associated with in vivo oximetry, in particular imaging through tissue. Chapter 2 reviews various imaging techniques for quantitative in vivo oximetry of the microvasculature, including multispectral and hyperspectral imaging, photoacoustic imaging, optical coherence tomography, and laser speckle techniques. Chapter 3 describes a two-wavelength oximetry study of two microvascular beds in the anterior segment of the eye: the bulbar conjunctival and episcleral microvasculature. This study reveals previously unseen oxygen diffusion from ambient air into the bulbar conjunctival microvasculature, altering the oxygen saturation of the bulbar conjunctiva. The response of the bulbar conjunctival and episcleral microvascular beds to acute mild hypoxia is quantified and the rate at which oxygen diffuses into bulbar conjunctival vessels is measured. Chapter 4 describes the development and application of a highly novel non-invasive retinal angiography technique: Oximetric Ratio Contrast Angiography (ORCA). ORCA requires only multispectral imaging and a small perturbation of blood oxygen saturation to produce angiographic sequences. A pilot study of ORCA in human subjects was conducted. This study demonstrates that ORCA can produce angiographic sequences with features such as sequential vessel filling and laminar flow. The application and challenges of ORCA are discussed, with emphasis on comparison with other angiography techniques, such as fluorescein angiography. Chapter 5 describes the development of a multispectral microscope for oximetry in the spinal cord dorsal vein of rats. Measurements of blood oxygen saturation are made in the dorsal vein of both healthy rats, and in rats with the Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) disease model of multiple sclerosis. The venous blood oxygen saturation of EAE disease model rats was found to be significantly lower than that of healthy controls, indicating increased oxygen uptake from blood in the EAE disease model of multiple sclerosis. Chapter 6 describes the development of video-rate red eye oximetry; a technique which could enable stand-off oximetry of the blood-supply of the eye with high temporal resolution. The various challenges associated with video-rate red eye oximetry are investigated and their influence quantified. The eventual aim of this research is to track circulating deoxygenation perturbations as they arrive in both eyes, which could provide a screening method for carotid artery stenosis, which is major risk-factor for stroke. However, due to time constraints, it was not possible to thoroughly investigate if video-rate red eye can detect such perturbations. Directions and recommendations for future research are outlined.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Oximetry, multispectral imaging, hyperspectral imaging, blood, bulbar conjunctiva, retinal imaging, retinal angiography, ORCA, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, Multiple sclerosis, red eye reflection.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Harvey, Professor Andrew R. and Heng, Dr. Ik Siong
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Mr Lewis E MacKenzie
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7732
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 10:04
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2016 08:33
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7732

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