Some New Properties of Chiral Molecules

Johnston, Caroline J (1987) Some New Properties of Chiral Molecules. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The work in this thesis divides naturally into two distinct parts which are linked by the general underlying theme of chiral discrimination. The first part concerns the discriminatory response of chiral molecules to circularly polarized light which constitutes optical activity, the second, chiral discrimination in intermolecular forces. Specifically, in Part I, a detailed study of rotational optical activity is undertaken. Expressions are derived to describe Raman optical activity, optical rotation and circular dichroism by first treating the simple case of a symmetric top molecule and then allowing this to be the basis for the more sophisticated development required for an asymmetric top molecule. In Part II, discrimination in the dispersion interaction between odd-electron chiral molecules is studied. It is shown that novel contributions to the discriminatory interaction are introduced by allowing for the time-odd part of the molecular optical activity tensor which is supported by chiral molecular systems in which there is some source of time asymmetry, as provided, for example, by the residual electronic angular momenta of odd-electron molecules. Both a semi-classical and a quantum electrodynamical treatment are given, the latter making possible a study of the wave-zone region in which the finite speed of light must be taken into account. Calculations, within the semi-classical model, on a hypothetical odd-electron chiral transition metal complex of 0* symmetry indicate that the new discriminatory contributions could be within an order of magnitude of the conventional discriminatory contributions.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Organic chemistry, Molecular chemistry
Date of Award: 1987
Depositing User: Enlighten Team
Unique ID: glathesis:1987-77653
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2020 11:53
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2020 11:53
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/77653

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