Connected Hopf algebras of finite Gelfand-Kirillov dimension

Gilmartin, Paul (2016) Connected Hopf algebras of finite Gelfand-Kirillov dimension. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Following the seminal work of Zhuang, connected Hopf algebras of finite GK-dimension over algebraically closed fields of characteristic zero have been the subject of several recent papers. This thesis is concerned with continuing this line of research and promoting connected Hopf algebras as a natural, intricate and interesting class of algebras. We begin by discussing the theory of connected Hopf algebras which are either commutative or cocommutative, and then proceed to review the modern theory of arbitrary connected Hopf algebras of finite GK-dimension initiated by Zhuang. We next focus on the (left) coideal subalgebras of connected Hopf algebras of finite GK-dimension. They are shown to be deformations of commutative polynomial algebras. A number of homological properties follow immediately from this fact. Further properties are described, examples are considered and invariants are constructed. A connected Hopf algebra is said to be "primitively thick" if the difference between its GK-dimension and the vector-space dimension of its primitive space is precisely one . Building on the results of Wang, Zhang and Zhuang,, we describe a method of constructing such a Hopf algebra, and as a result obtain a host of new examples of such objects. Moreover, we prove that such a Hopf algebra can never be isomorphic to the enveloping algebra of a semisimple Lie algebra, nor can a semisimple Lie algebra appear as its primitive space. It has been asked in the literature whether connected Hopf algebras of finite GK-dimension are always isomorphic as algebras to enveloping algebras of Lie algebras. We provide a negative answer to this question by constructing a counterexample of GK-dimension 5. Substantial progress was made in determining the order of the antipode of a finite dimensional pointed Hopf algebra by Taft and Wilson in the 1970s. Our final main result is to show that the proof of their result can be generalised to give an analogous result for arbitrary pointed Hopf algebras.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Hopf algebra.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Brown, Professor Kenny
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Mr Paul Gilmartin
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7780
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2016 11:37
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2016 10:59
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/7780

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