Hybridisation of plasmonic and acoustic biosensing devices

Hao, Danni (2018) Hybridisation of plasmonic and acoustic biosensing devices. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Monolithically integrating multiple sensing technologies shows a great potential to perform quantitative measurements for multiple biomarkers of diseases and also provide more insight towards one single biochemical event. The localised surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy measures the change in the refractive index arising from the molecular adsorption on the metallic nanostructures. Acoustic sensors, such as surface acoustic wave sensor and quartz crystal microbalance, measure the variation of its mechanical oscillation caused by the sum of the deposited molecules and the solvent coupled to the adsorbed molecules. Both techniques are known independently as having applications in in-situ, label-free sensing and analysis of biological binding reactions. Due to their complementary properties, the integration of both can prove to be a valuable tool for studying biomolecules on sensing surface.
This thesis reports on the development of a hybrid biosensing device that integrates localised surface plasmonic sensing and acoustic sensing technologies. Gold nanodisk arrays as localised surface plasmon resonance sensing device was studied in visible region using three substrates: borosilicate glass, lithium niobate and quartz. The design, simulation, fabrication and characterisation of the gold nanodisk arrays, and the sensing performance optimisation were investigated using glass substrate. Lithium niobate, as a piezoelectric material has surface acoustic wave compatibility and this study can pave the way towards the development of hybrid sensing devices. The study on lithium niobate demonstrated the feasibility of a localised surface plasmon resonance device utilising a high refractive index, birefringent and piezoelectric substrate.
Using quartz as the substrate, the design and fabrication of a hybrid sensor were performed, which integrated localised surface plasmonic resonance into a quartz crystal microbalance for studying biochemical surface binding reactions. The coupling of localised plasmon resonance nanostructures and a quartz crystal microbalance allows optical spectra and quartz crystal microbalance resonant frequency shifts to be recorded simultaneously, and analysed in real time for a given surface adsorption process. This integration has the potential to be miniaturised for application in point-of-care diagnostics.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Localised surface plasmonic, biosensing, acoustic sensing, quartz crystal microbalance, nanotechnology, NEMS/MEMS devices.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Funder's Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Supervisor's Name: Cumming, Professor David R.S.
Date of Award: 2018
Depositing User: Danni Hao
Unique ID: glathesis:2018-8992
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2018 11:23
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 10:18
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/8992
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