Economic growth, low income and housing in S. Korea

Kim, Woo-Jin (1995) Economic growth, low income and housing in S. Korea. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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When S.Korea was liberated from Japan and soon partitioned between the South and the North in 1945, she was one of the world's poorest countries. The Korean War (1950-1953) had a profound impact on S.Korean society. Hunger became even more routine and famine very common. After the military revolution in 1960 onwards the S.Korean government consistently continued a "growth-first approach" to promote rapid economic development which could then generate resources to raise the living standards of those on low incomes, rather than a selective and targeted approach which involved extensive public action to improve the circumstances of destitute people.

Since this time S.Korea began to be counted as a rapidly industrialising country. In 1960, about 65.9 per cent of the labour force in S.Korea was engaged in agriculture and a mere 9.2 per cent in the mining, manufacturing and construction sectors. In 1990, only 19.5 per cent of the labour force was engaged in agriculture and 34.7 per cent in the mining, manufacturing and construction sectors. Even in industry, the structure of the industry has changed from labour-intensive industry, such as textiles and shoes, to capital and skill-intensive industry, such as shipbuilding, automobiles and electronics. In 1960, the urban share of total population was 28.0 per cent. This figure grew to 74.4 per cent in 1990.

All these were accompanied by changes in occupation, social class, even the way of life. Even within the house itself, the change in the use of fuel from timber to gas and electricity was accompanied by a dramatic change in the design and structure of housing.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
Colleges/Schools: College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Supervisor's Name: Donnison, Prof. David and Maclennan, Prof. Duncan
Date of Award: 1995
Depositing User: Elaine Ballantyne
Unique ID: glathesis:1995-1620
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:44

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