Continuous-time self-tuning algorithms

Demircioḡlu, Hüseyin (1989) Continuous-time self-tuning algorithms. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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This thesis proposes some new self-tuning algorithms. In contrast to the conventional discrete-time approach to self-tuning control, the continuous-time approach is used here, that is continuous-time design but digital implementation is used. The proposed underlying control methods are combined with a continuous-time version of the well-known discrete recursive least squares algorithms. The continuous-time estimation scheme is chosen to maintain the continuous-time nature of the algorithms. The first new algorithm proposed is emulator-based relay control (which has already been described in a paper by the author). The algorithm is based on the idea of constructing the switching surface by emulators; that is, unrealisable output derivatives are replaced by their emulated values. In particular, the relay is forced to operate in the sliding mode. In this case, it is shown that emulator-based control and its proposed relay version become equivalent in the sense that both give the same control law. The second new algorithm proposed is a continuous-time version of the discrete-time generalized predictive control (GPC) of Clarke et al (which has already been described in a paper by the author). The algorithm, continuous-time generalized predictive control (CGPC), is based on similar ideas to the GPC, however the formulation is very different. For example, the output prediction is accomplished by using the Taylor series expansion of the output and emulating the output derivatives involved. A detailed closed-loop analysis of this algorithm is also given. It is shown that the CGPC control law only changes the closed-loop pole locations leaving the open-loop zeros untouched (except one special case). It is also shown that LQ control can be considered in the CGPC framework. Further, the CGPC is extended to include some design polynomials so that the model-following and pole-placement control can be considered in the same framework. A third new algorithm, a relay version of the CGPC, is described. The method is based on the ideas of the emulator-based relay control and again it is shown that the CGPC and its relay version become equivalent when the relay operates in the sliding mode. Finally, the CGPC ideas are extended to the multivariable systems and the resulting closed-loop system is analysed in some detail. It is shown that some special choice of design parameters result in a decoupled closed-loop system for certain systems. In addition, it is shown that if the system is decouplable, it is possible to obtain model-following control. It is also shown that LQ control, as in the scalar case, can be considered in the same framework. An illustrative simulation study is also provided for all of the above methods throughout the thesis.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Gawthrup, Prof. P.J.
Date of Award: 1989
Depositing User: Elaine Ballantyne
Unique ID: glathesis:1989-2174
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2010
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:52

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