Trademark image retrieval by local features

Kochakornjarupong, Paijit (2011) Trademark image retrieval by local features. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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The challenge of abstract trademark image retrieval as a test of machine vision algorithms has attracted considerable research interest in the past decade. Current
operational trademark retrieval systems involve manual annotation of the images
(the current ‘gold standard’). Accordingly, current systems require a substantial
amount of time and labour to access, and are therefore expensive to operate. This
thesis focuses on the development of algorithms that mimic aspects of human
visual perception in order to retrieve similar abstract trademark images
automatically. A significant category of trademark images are typically highly
stylised, comprising a collection of distinctive graphical elements that often
include geometric shapes. Therefore, in order to compare the similarity of such
images the principal aim of this research has been to develop a method for solving
the partial matching and shape perception problem.
There are few useful techniques for partial shape matching in the context of
trademark retrieval, because those existing techniques tend not to support multicomponent
retrieval. When this work was initiated most trademark image
retrieval systems represented images by means of global features, which are not
suited to solving the partial matching problem. Instead, the author has
investigated the use of local image features as a means to finding similarities
between trademark images that only partially match in terms of their subcomponents.
During the course of this work, it has been established that the
Harris and Chabat detectors could potentially perform sufficiently well to serve as
the basis for local feature extraction in trademark image retrieval. Early findings
in this investigation indicated that the well established SIFT (Scale Invariant
Feature Transform) local features, based on the Harris detector, could potentially
serve as an adequate underlying local representation for matching trademark
There are few researchers who have used mechanisms based on human
perception for trademark image retrieval, implying that the shape representations
utilised in the past to solve this problem do not necessarily reflect the shapes
contained in these image, as characterised by human perception. In response, a
practical approach to trademark image retrieval by perceptual grouping has been
developed based on defining meta-features that are calculated from the spatial
configurations of SIFT local image features. This new technique measures certain
visual properties of the appearance of images containing multiple graphical
elements and supports perceptual grouping by exploiting the non-accidental
properties of their configuration.
Our validation experiments indicated that we were indeed able to capture
and quantify the differences in the global arrangement of sub-components evident
when comparing stylised images in terms of their visual appearance properties.
Such visual appearance properties, measured using 17 of the proposed metafeatures,
include relative sub-component proximity, similarity, rotation and
symmetry. Similar work on meta-features, based on the above Gestalt proximity,
similarity, and simplicity groupings of local features, had not been reported in the
current computer vision literature at the time of undertaking this work.
We decided to adopted relevance feedback to allow the visual appearance
properties of relevant and non-relevant images returned in response to a query to
be determined by example. Since limited training data is available when
constructing a relevance classifier by means of user supplied relevance feedback,
the intrinsically non-parametric machine learning algorithm ID3 (Iterative
Dichotomiser 3) was selected to construct decision trees by means of dynamic
rule induction. We believe that the above approach to capturing high-level visual
concepts, encoded by means of meta-features specified by example through
relevance feedback and decision tree classification, to support flexible trademark
image retrieval and to be wholly novel.
The retrieval performance the above system was compared with two other
state-of-the-art image trademark retrieval systems: Artisan developed by Eakins
(Eakins et al., 1998) and a system developed by Jiang (Jiang et al., 2006). Using
relevance feedback, our system achieves higher average normalised precision
than either of the systems developed by Eakins’ or Jiang. However, while our
trademark image query and database set is based on an image dataset used by
Eakins, we employed different numbers of images. It was not possible to access to
the same query set and image database used in the evaluation of Jiang’s trademark
image retrieval system evaluation. Despite these differences in evaluation
methodology, our approach would appear to have the potential to improve
retrieval effectiveness.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Trademark image retrieval, Local features, Perceptual grouping, meta-features, high-level visual concepts
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Siebert, Dr. Paul
Date of Award: 2011
Depositing User: Mr Paijit Kochakornjarupong
Unique ID: glathesis:2011-2677
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2011
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2014 09:57

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