Stable-inertial cavitation

Johansen, Kristoffer (2018) Stable-inertial cavitation. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Research and development of applications utilising acoustic cavitation, particularly medical therapy, is often based on the spectrum of the scattered emissions collected during the cavitation occurrence. There is, however, limited understanding as to how driven bubble behaviour is related to the myriad of non-linear features that can exist within the cavitation noise spectrum, including those commonly reported. Moreover, there is an enduring tendency to classify cavitation activity as either stable or inertial, with no clear delineation between the two categories in terms of associated emissions. The work described in this thesis is dedicated to reconciling bubble dynamics driven by focused ultrasound, and resolved with ultra-high speed shadowgraphic imaging, to the acoustic emissions simultaneously detected via a broadband calibrated needle hydrophone system. Specifically, the role of periodic bubble collapse shock waves are experimentally investigated, supported by bubble oscillation models and spectral analysis. First, hydrophone-deconvolution for restoring an approximation to physical pressure data is demonstrated, through laser-plasma mediated bubble detection. Subsequent application to precision measurements of an acoustically driven cavitation bubble, verifies a contribution from periodic shock waves to all features within the emission spectrum, including the sub-harmonics. Moreover, complete spectral peak suppression at the sub-harmonic is demonstrated for a specific two-bubble configuration. Finally, the design of a bespoke passive cavitation detector, optimised for shock wave detection is described, and its performance evaluated against a comparable, commercially available device. Implications for cavitation detection and detector characterisation are discussed, as is the conventional classification of activity as stable or inertial, with reference to the literature.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Acoustic cavitation, Inertial cavitation, stable cavitation, periodic shock waves, cavitation noise spectrum, deconvolution, high-speed imaging, laser-plasma mediated vapour bubbles, passive cavitation detector, calibration, synthetic spectrum, spectral windowing, acoustic emissions.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Funder's Name: European Research Council (ERC)
Supervisor's Name: Prentice, Dr. Paul
Date of Award: 2018
Depositing User: Mr Kristoffer Johansen
Unique ID: glathesis:2018-30796
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 15:05
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019 11:34
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