Beam-, target- and double-spin asymmetry measurements in deeply virtual π0, π+ and π- meson production

Murdoch, Gavin William (2019) Beam-, target- and double-spin asymmetry measurements in deeply virtual π0, π+ and π- meson production. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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This thesis presents measurements of spin asymmetries in single pion electroproduction from the EG1-DVCS experiment carried out at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in 2009 with use of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. The experiment made use of a 6 GeV longitudinally polarised electron beam and (dynamically) longitudinally polarised targets of 14NH3 and 14ND3 (giving access to protons and deuterons), providing the means to measure three spin asymmetries: beam-, target-, and double-spin. Deeply Virtual Meson Production for the π0, π+ and π- channels were studied for the kinematic range of Q^2 > 1 GeV^2 and W > 2 GeV. The collection of measurements includes the analysis of numerous reconstruction topologies, as well as making use of different target materials. These are the world’s first charged pion spin asymmetry measurements in this kinematic regime. The sPlot maximum likelihood fit-based background subtraction technique was implemented in the data analysis, showing strong agreement with a traditional and commonly used cuts-based approach. This novel technique was thoroughly tested to develop implementation and execution. The results obtained will provide a reference point for future analyses at the upgraded experimental facility and motivate the use of the sPlot technique. These measurements will provide insight into the structure of nucleons through their interpretation in relation to Generalised Parton Distributions which describe substructure correlations between longitudinal momentum and transverse position of partons. In particular, here the spin asymmetries dependence on t, the squared four-momentum transfer to the target nucleon, carries information on the spatial parton distributions in the transverse plane.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Hadron physics, Deeply Virtual Meson Production, Generalised Parton Distributions, pion, nucleon, electroproduction, polarisation, spin asymmetry, JLab, EG1-DVCS.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Supervisor's Name: Sokhan, Dr. Daria and Ireland, Prof. David
Date of Award: 2019
Depositing User: Mr Gavin William Murdoch
Unique ID: glathesis:2019-41095
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 09:25
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2020 21:39
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.41095

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