A generic tilt-rotor simulation model with parallel implementation

McVicar, J. Scott G. (1993) A generic tilt-rotor simulation model with parallel implementation. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b1436001


The unique capabilities of the tilt-rotor configuration are generally accepted to provide
significant potential when applied to numerous civil and military operations. A vital
stage in the development of any tilt-rotor design is the simulation of its basic flying
qualities which are essentially defined by the vehicle's response to a range of control
inputs and the trim states it adopts. In order to carry out this simulation satisfactorily,
an accurate generic mathematical model is required, however, the author is unaware of
any existing tilt-rotor simulations which utilise the latest modelling techniques. A
generic tilt-rotor simulation model (GTILT) which includes individual blade modelling
to describe the behaviour of the rotor has been developed during this research.
One of the most significant attributes of individual blade models is that they
portray the oscillatory nature of the forces and moments produced by a lifting rotor.
The resulting trimmed flight path of the vehicle is periodic rather than steady in nature
and consequently existing trimming algorithms, formulated for use with rotor disc
representations, are inappropriate when applied to individual blade simulations. A
specialised trimming algorithm capable of rapidly trimming rotorcraft simulations to a
specified periodic trim state has been developed and incorporated into the GTILT
Individual blade modelling provides a higher level of fidelity than is
possible when using a rotor disc representation but this benefit is obtained at the
expense of computational burden. Hence, most sequential computing facilities are
unable to provide the performance necessary to make such models practical. In order to
reduce computational run-times to an acceptable level GTILT has been parallelised and
implemented on a custom designed transputer network.
GTILT has been configured using XV-IS data in order to investigate the
fidelity of its predicted trim states and vehicle response to a range of control inputs.
During the course of this investigation, the trim algorithm is shown to be robust and
capable of producing rapid convergence to a wide range of trim states. Longitudinal
trims predicted by GTILT are verified against those of the similarly configured Bell
C81 for a range of nacelle incidences and good correlation obtained in all cases. A
qualitative verification of the trim states adopted in turning flight reveals no anomalies
and the results obtained are very encouraging. The dynamic response of the vehicle is
demonstrated to be qualitatively valid when a range of control inputs are applied at
various nacelle incidences with the behaviour of the vehicle being explicable in all

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering
Supervisor's Name: Bradley, Prof. Roy
Date of Award: 1993
Depositing User: Ms Mary Anne Meyering
Unique ID: glathesis:1993-4952
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2014 11:41
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2014 11:42
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/4952

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