Development of radiotracers for nuclear imaging of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and the translocator protein in glioblastoma.

Zmuda, Filip (2016) Development of radiotracers for nuclear imaging of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and the translocator protein in glioblastoma. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly aggressive and fatal brain cancer that is associated with a number of diagnostic, therapeutic, and treatment monitoring challenges. At the time of writing, inhibition of a protein called poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) in combination with chemotherapy was being investigated as a novel approach for the treatment of these tumours. However, human studies have encountered toxicity problems due to sub-optimal PARP-1 inhibitor and chemotherapeutic dosing regiments. Nuclear imaging of PARP-1 could help to address these issues and provide additional insight into potential PARP-1 inhibitor resistance mechanisms. Furthermore, nuclear imaging of the translocator protein (TSPO) could be used to improve GBM diagnosis, pre-surgical planning, and treatment monitoring as TSPO is overexpressed by GBM lesions in good contrast to surrounding brain tissue. To date, relatively few nuclear imaging radiotracers have been discovered for PARP-1. On the other hand, numerous tracers exist for TSPO many of which have been investigated in humans. However, these TSPO radiotracers suffer from either poor pharmacokinetic properties or high sensitivity to human TSPO polymorphism that can affect their binding to TSPO. Bearing in mind the above and the high attrition rates associated with advancement of radiotracers to the clinic, there is a need for novel radiotracers that can be used to image PARP-1 and TSPO. This thesis reports the pre-clinical discovery programme that led to the identification of two potent PARP-1 inhibitors, 4 and 17, that were successfully radiolabelled to generate the potential SPECT and PET imaging agents [123I]-4 and [18F]-17 respectively. Evaluation of these radiotracers in mice bearing subcutaneous human GBM xenografts using ex vivo biodistribution techniques revealed that the agents were retained in tumour tissue due to specific PARP-1 binding. This thesis also describes the pre-clinical in vivo evaluation of [18F]-AB5186, which is a novel radiotracer discovered previously within the research group with potential for PET imaging of TSPO. Using ex vivo autoradiography and PET imaging the agent was revealed to accumulate in intracranial human GBM tumour xenografts in good contrast to surrounding brain tissue, which was due to specific binding to TSPO. The in vivo data for all three radiolabelled compounds warrants further pre-clinical investigations with potential for clinical advancement in mind.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: radiotracer development, PET, SPECT, nuclear imaging, PARP-1, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, TSPO, translocator protein.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Funder's Name: Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Cancer Research UK (CAN-RES-UK)
Supervisor's Name: Pimlott, Dr. Sally and Chalmers, Prof. Anthony and Sutherland, Dr. Andrew
Date of Award: 2016
Depositing User: Mr Filip Zmuda
Unique ID: glathesis:2016-7498
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 12:45
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 10:06

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