Structure and dynamics in ionic liquids and concentrated salt solutions: an ultrafast spectroscopy study

Reichenbach, Judith (2017) Structure and dynamics in ionic liquids and concentrated salt solutions: an ultrafast spectroscopy study. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b3304223

Abstract

A combination of spectroscopic methods and symmetry considerations were used throughout the presented studies to investigate the terahertz spectra showing liquid dynamics in varied systems. Optical Kerr effect spectroscopy revealed clusters of different sizes in aqueous sodium thiosulfate solutions with non-Newtonian behaviour. In conjunction with terahertz infrared spectroscopy, optical Kerr effect spectroscopy showed the charge-ordered nature of butylammonium ionic liquids, which manifested through phonon modes in the terahertz spectra. In eutectic lithium thiocyanate solutions, a combination of mid-infrared spectroscopy, optical Kerr effect spectroscopy and X-ray scattering showed a separation into nanoscale water-rich and salt-rich domains at low temperatures. In summary, the use of terahertz spectroscopy on selected model system provides information on the dynamics governing the behaviour of liquids and solutions.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: liquid, ionic liquids, ultrafast spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, OKE spectroscopy, spectroscopy, liquid dynamics, crystal nucleation, liquid-liquid phase separation, water, sodium thiosulfate, lithium thiocyanate, liquid-liquid transition, LLT, phonon, ion pairs.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Funder's Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Supervisor's Name: Wynne, Professor Klaas
Date of Award: 2017
Depositing User: Judith Reichenbach
Unique ID: glathesis:2017-8571
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2018 09:59
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2018 07:53
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/8571

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