CP violation and lifetime measurements of two-body charmless decays of B hadrons at LHCb

Karodia, Sarah (2018) CP violation and lifetime measurements of two-body charmless decays of B hadrons at LHCb. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b3295387

Abstract

This thesis presents lifetime measurements of charmless two-body decays of b hadrons, specifically the decay modes known as B->hh', where B refers to meson or baryon containing a b quark and h' refers to a proton p, pion pi or kaon K. Using the large data samples collected by the LHCb detector, the \BTohh channels with the largest branching fractions provide an opportunity to perform high-precision measurements of the properties of the decays. The leading-order processes in B->hh' decays are tree and penguin topologies, where the loop-dominated channels could be sensitive to non-standard model physics.

The Bs->KK mode is particularly interesting as it has a CP-even final state, as well as being dominated by penguin decay processes. The Bs->KK effective lifetime can be used to calculate the Bs decay-rate asymmetry A_{\Delta \Gamma}, which quantifies the amount of CP violation in the decay.

Using LHCb data with an integrated luminosity of 3 fb^{-1} collected at centre of mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, the lifetimes of the decays Bs->KK, Bd->Kpi, Bs->piK, Bd->pipi, Lambda_b->ppi and Lambda_b->pK are measured to be

tau_{Bs->KK} = 1.410 +\- 0.009 ps (stat) +\- 0.011 ps (syst),
tau_{Bd->Kpi} = 1.504 +\- 0.006 ps (stat) +\- 0.023 ps (syst),
tau_{Bs->piK} = 1.548 +\- 0.028 ps (stat) +\- 0.023 ps (syst),
tau_{Bd->pipi} = 1.495 +\- 0.012 ps (stat) +\- 0.007 ps (syst),
tau_{Lambda_b->ppi} = 1.511 +\- 0.028 ps (stat) +\- 0.012 ps (syst),
tau_{Lambda_b->pK} = 1.477 +\- 0.022 ps (stat) +\- 0.022 ps (syst).

All these lifetime measurements are compatible with the current world averages.

The decay-rate asymmetry is calculated to be
A_{\Delta \Gamma}= -0.975 +\- 0.092 (stat) +\- 0.113 (syst) \pm 0.082 (ext),
which agrees with the standard model prediction.

A performance study measuring the photoelectron yield of the Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) subdetector during 2012, 2015 and 2016 is also presented in this thesis. The RICH is used for particle identification and it distinguishes between pion, kaon and proton tracks. During the long shutdown between the 2012 and 2015 data taking periods, the aerogel in the RICH 1 detector was removed and the centre-of-mass energies of the proton-proton collisions
increased from 7-8 TeV to 13 TeV. The photoelectron yield of RICH 1 was found to increase by ~3 photoelectrons in 2015 and 2016 and the photoelectron yield of RICH2 remained the same. This increase in RICH1 was expected due to the increased path length of the tracks through the Cherenkov medium once the aerogel was removed. Overall the contribution of photoelectron yield to the
performance of the RICH remains acceptable for continued data taking.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: LHCb lifetimes, CP violation.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Funder's Name: Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
Supervisor's Name: Soler, Prof. Paul
Date of Award: 2018
Depositing User: Sarah Karodia
Unique ID: glathesis:2018-8662
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 09:04
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 08:53
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/8662

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