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The laser mirror alignment system for the LHCb RICH detectors

Macgregor, Andrew Alan (2006) The laser mirror alignment system for the LHCb RICH detectors. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHCb) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (CERN), is the next generation B physics experiment designed to precisely constrain the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix measurements with unprecedented accuracy, as well as search for new physics. The success of the LHCb experiment relies upon excellent particle identification. The central particle identification detectors for the LHCb experiment are the Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detectors which are reliant upon their optics being well aligned. The optical specifications for the second RICH detector (RICH2) are for the mirrors to be aligned to within 0.1 mrad so as not to degrade the inherent 0.7 mrad resolution of the detector. As the mirrors move out of alignment over time, the performance of the RICH will deteriorate, unless corrected. This thesis describes the design and characterisation of the Laser Mirror Alignment Monitoring System and its image analysis software for selected mirrors of RICH2. This thesis also describes the results of a unique method of combining data from the Laser Mirror Alignment Monitoring System and Tracking system, to recover the positions of all mirror segments in the RICH2 detector. The laser alignment monitoring system resolution has been measured to be 0.013 mrad for both θy and θx rotations, with a long term stability of 0.014 mrad in θ­­­­y and 0.006 mrad in θx. The resolution of the final mirror alignment procedure using data tracks is 0.18 mrad for θy mirror rotations and 0.12 mrad for θx mirror rotations.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Supervisor's Name: Soler, Dr. Paul
Date of Award: 2006
Depositing User: Elaine Ballantyne
Unique ID: glathesis:2006-1732
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2010
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 13:46
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/1732

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